All you need to know about vitamins
Vitamins are non-caloric micronutrients that are needed in small amounts for normal body functions. Vitamins are present in our food and vitamins supplement. The best way to consume vitamins is through a variety of nutrient-dense foods.
Different vitamins have a different function in our body such as:
• Converting food into energy
• Strengthen bones and muscles
• Boost immune system
• Glowing skin
• Maintenance and repair of cells, tissues, and organs
There are 13 different types of Vitamins which include Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B7, Vitamin B9, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin K.
For better classifications, vitamins can be categorized into two types which are water-soluble vitamins, and fat-soluble vitamins.
1.Fat Soluble Vitamins
The vitamins which are soluble in fats are called fat-soluble vitamins. These vitamins are stored in the liver and adipose tissues. The ability of the healthy body to store fat-soluble vitamins decreases the risk of deficiencies however, overconsumption can lead to toxicity, also referred to as hypervitaminosis.
When consuming our vitamins through foods, the risk of overconsumption is extremely rare. The risk of toxicity usually occurs through high amounts of supplementation.
Fats soluble vitamins are :
• Vitamin A
• Vitamin D
• Vitamin E
• Vitamin K
2. Water Soluble Vitamins
The vitamins which are soluble in water are called water-soluble vitamins. These vitamins cannot be stored in the body, except for B6 and B12, and passes through urine if not used.
Because water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body, consistent daily intake is important to avoid deficiencies. Water-soluble vitamins are necessary for enzymes involved in metabolism, without water-soluble vitamins the enzymes will not work.
Water-soluble vitamins are :
• Vitamin B
• Vitamin C